- A combination of two religions, as in Israel when the worship of Yahweh, who had led them through the wilderness, became infiltrated, according to the biblical narratives, with beliefs and practices of the Canaanites, who worshipped the gods El and Baal. Such mixtures were sternly resisted by those prophets who looked back to the wilderness period as an ideal (Hos. 13:4–5; Amos 2:10–12). Foreign cults were introduced in the reign of Solomon, but from the time of the Exile [[➝ Exile, the]] such influences were excluded; Jewish identity was safeguarded; syncretism was unacceptable, though Hellenization in the last two centuries BCE threatened the traditions and integrity of Judaism.Christianity related itself to its surroundings but did no more than borrow terminology from Gnosticism, Mithraism, and Platonic philosophy. The theory that Paul blended primitive Christianity with pagan mystery religions of a dying and rising god has had powerful and attractive advocates but is difficult to sustain.
Dictionary of the Bible.
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Syncretism — • An explanation is given by Plutarch in a small work on brotherly love ( Opera Moralia , ed. Reiske, VII, 910). He there tells how the Cretans were often engaged in quarrels among themselves, but became immediately reconciled when an external… … Catholic encyclopedia
Syncretism — Syn cre*tism, n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to make two parties join against a third: cf. F. syncr[ e]tisme.] 1. Attempted union of principles or parties irreconcilably at variance with each other. [1913 Webster] He is plotting a carnal syncretism, and… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
syncretism — (n.) reconciliation of different beliefs, 1610s, from Mod.L. syncretismus (David Pareus, 1615), from Gk. synkretismos union of communities, from synkretizein to combine against a common enemy, from syn + second element of uncertain origin. One… … Etymology dictionary
syncretism — ► NOUN ▪ the amalgamation of different religions, cultures, or schools of thought. DERIVATIVES syncretic adjective syncretist noun & adjective syncretistic adjective. ORIGIN from Greek sunkr tizein unite against a third party , from kr s Cretan… … English terms dictionary
syncretism — [siŋ′krə tiz΄əm, sin′krə tiz′əm] n. [Fr syncrétisme < ModL syncretismus < Gr synkrētismos, union of two parties against a third, orig., a joining of Cretans < syn , with, together + Krētes, pl. of Krēs, Cretan] 1. a combination,… … English World dictionary
Syncretism — For the linguistic term, see syncretism (linguistics). Syncretism (English pronunciation: /ˈsɪŋkrətɪzəm/) is the combining of different beliefs, often while melding practices of various schools of thought. The term means combining , but see below … Wikipedia
syncretism — In a religious context, syncretism refers to the worship of one god using the form or tradition of another god. Thus, for example, the Hebrew prophets constantly condemned the tendency to revert to worshipping Yahweh using forms associated with… … Dictionary of sociology
syncretism — This word (from the Greek synkrētismos, meaning union of communities ) refers to the mixing or combining ofbeliefs and practices from different religious systems; some regard such mixture as inherently contradictory, while others consider… … Glossary of theological terms
syncretism — noun Etymology: New Latin syncretismus, from Greek synkrētismos federation of Cretan cities, from syn + Krēt , Krēs Cretan Date: 1618 1. the combination of different forms of belief or practice 2. the fusion of two or more originally different… … New Collegiate Dictionary
syncretism — См. sincretismo … Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов